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Environmentally friendly way to use Pumpkins after Halloween | Greyhound Chromatography

PumpkinsEver wondered what to do with your pumpkins after Halloween, other than make them into delicious soups and treats?  

Pumpkins provide a welcome treat to our wildlife.  Break open the pumpkin to prevent a little visitor getting its head stuck inside, then put the pumpkin in a place where it is safe for wildlife to visit and enjoy a healthy snack.  Don't put the pumpkin flat on the ground as pumpkins can make Hedgehogs poorly.  In the UK, Squirrels, badgers, deer, birds, pigs, goats, horses, cattle, sheep, chickens, will all enjoy a tasty feast.   If you're not planning to leave them on your own land seek the landowners permission before leaving the pumpkins as horses and goats etc can have too much of a good thing. 

Pumpkins contain high levels of Vitamins A & E as well as folate and fiber.  Birds will enjoy the seeds, you can seperate them from the flesh, dry them and put them in a feeder.   If you scoop out your pumpkin and use the flesh to make a pie you can save the seeds and put them out seperately from the shell. 

 

    Try hanging your pumpkin lantern from a tree and filling it with left over pulp and seeds.        Two Pumpkins

 

Pumpkin with Deer  Pig and Pumpkin  Squirrel Eating a Pumpkin

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How is Organic Cannabis Tested? | Chem Service Inc. | Greyhound Chromatography
HOW IS ORGANIC CANNABIS TESTED?  WHAT IS ORGANIC CANNABIS?
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Chem Service Cannabis Testing logo

It’s estimated that the cannabis industry will be a $20 billion dollar market by 2025. Unfortunately, as suppliers attempt to keep up with demand, the desire to take shortcuts increases with more growers overlooking the use of harmful pesticides or even falsifying ‘organic’ claims.

Similar to organic fruits and vegetables, organic cannabis is free of pesticides and heavy metals. This means that at no point during the cultivation process were harmful synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, sewage sludge, or genetically modified organisms (GMOs) introduced. Additionally, it means that the plant was never exposed to food ingredients or food processing substances like volatile solvents. However, at the federal level cannabis is still illegal, and there are limitations to USDA regulation. Ultimately this makes it impossible for any grower to acquire the USDA ‘certified organic’ stamp of approval.

Organic Cannabis Product Testing

With no federal regulation, increased product testing is imperative for growers seeking to self-regulate and provide their customers as much safety assurance as possible. Especially considering that while one may not use pesticides in their growing process, it’s still possible for runoff chemicals to invade their soil and cannabis plants.

Testing organic cannabis typically involves examining the final flower for harmful pesticides or chemicals. It’s important to continuously conduct batch testing that abides by state regulations. Doing so will ensure your cannabis is free of harmful pesticides and can technically be considered ‘organic.’

Can Toxic Chemicals in Marijuana Mutate DNA?

Historically speaking, marijuana testing was rarely done. Organizations like the EPA are far behind in understanding the impact of harmful chemicals and pesticides found in marijuana. There’s mixed evidence out there speculating that chemicals found in marijuana have the power to actually mutate one’s DNA. A study conducted by the University of Western Australia argues that marijuana has the power to cause chromosomal shattering, resulting in serious health issues like birth defects, kidney disease, and even cancer. While they may not appear in one’s lifetime, they can lie dormant in one’s DNA and be passed on through to descendants. The effects are still widely unknown, but it’s a reason to be weary and conscious of the heightened need to conduct product tests from a company standpoint.

Terpenes in Marijuana Vaping Products May Produce Toxic Chemicals

recent study conducted by HealthDay reveals that when the e-liquids (otherwise known as ‘dabs’ or waxy pot concentrates) found in vaping products are heated, there’s potential for the production of harmful chemicals such as benzene (a known carcinogen) methacrolein, xylenes, toluene, styrene and ethylbenzene. It’s believed that this is a result of the production process which involves removing the aromatic terpene compounds and adding them back into the final THC product. For the many teenagers who have contributed to the rise in popularity of vaping products, this is especially concerning given the impact such chemicals can have on brain development.

What Toxic Chemicals are in Illegal Marijuana and Why Test for Fertilizers and Pesticides?

Although legal marijuana is slowly becoming the norm, illegal growing is still common and more often than not, illegal marijuana is grown using harmful practices. In fact, in 2019 in California alone, the government seized roughly 25,000 plants grown in its national forests. An article by Quartz highlighted that in some instances, there was even the presence of some of the most dangerous chemicals such as Carbufuren. According to AP News, an estimated 9 out of 10 illegal farms discovered in California used illegal chemicals in its growing process. When toxic chemicals are introduced to marijuana plants, there’s a chance of disrupting the natural breakdown process of enzymes which can actually result in an even more toxic combination. Compounds like Cannabinoids have actually been shown to inhibit specific enzyme breakdowns, resulting in even more toxic pesticides.

What Toxic Chemicals are in Marijuana?

The cannabis plant is unique in that during the cultivation process it soaks everything it’s exposed to, almost like a sponge. Unfortunately, this means the plant is at a much higher risk of contamination from anything like air, soil, or runoff. The most harmful chemicals found in marijuana include mold and fungus. This is especially concerning for anyone using marijuana for medicinal purposes or those with asthma, allergies, or weak immune systems. Heavy metals are also extremely dangerous contaminants found in cannabis. These can include cadmium, lead, arsenic, or even mercury. For those relying on cannabis for medicinal purposes, these contaminants can have incredibly detrimental side effects no matter how they’re consumed: inhaled, ingested, or absorbed.

Toxic Chemicals are in Marijuana

As more research comes out on the chemical makeup of cannabis, it’s clear both harmful and unknown compounds are abundant. In a report conducted by the University of Alberta, it was found that one puff of cannabis smoke contained 2,575 chemical compounds with roughly 110 identified as toxic chemicals.

As the landscape of cannabis continues to rapidly change, the call for increased product testing is crucial to ensuring safe products and ethical business practices in a time when testing and regulation resources are scarce.

 

About Chem Service Inc

  Chem Service Logo 

Established in 1962 Chem Service is the largest independent supplier of Analytical Reference Materials and the original source of small quantities of organic chemicals. Chem Service also has over 2,000 Pesticide Standards, including Pesticide Standards for Cannabis in its catalogue.  Chem Service offers Custom made Standards manufactured to your specific requirements, all standards are accredited to ISO 17043:2016; ISO/IEC 17025:2005; ISO 9001:2015 Quality Management System.

Over 95% of Chem Services’ neat Standards Grade materials have a purity of 98.0% or greater.

Chem Services’ worldwide customers are found in the chemical, government, food quality, agricultural and life science research communities.

 

Chem Service Products

 View Chem Service's ISO Accreditations and Certifications

Chem Service, Inc. is a leader in the design, development, production, distribution, and servicing of organic neat and synthetic reference materials and has achieved multiple industry certifications:

   

Chem Service Accreditation Logos      

 Environmental Reference Standards 

  • Arochlors
  • Azodyes
  • Bisphenols  Learn More
  • Cannabis Testing Standards (Individual US States) Learn More
  • Carbohydrates
  • Carbon 13, Deuterated Standards
  • Conazoles Learn More
  • custom Solutions & Mixtures
  • Dyes  Learn More
  • Explosives                 Learn More
  • Hexachlorocyclopentadiene Learn More
  • Inorganic Reference Standards
  • Neonicotinoids  Learn More
  • Organic Reference Standards
  • Oxidisers
  • PBB's
  • PBDE's Learn More
  • PCB's
  • Pesticides/Metabolites (including Conazole Fungicides, Cannabis Pesticide Standards)
  • Phthalates  Learn More
  • Plasticizers
  • Polybromodiphenyl Ethers
  • Residual Solvent Standard Mixtures for Cannabis Testing  Learn More 
  • Surfactants
  • Terpenes Learn More
  • Vitamin Reference Standards  Learn More

 EPA Standards Mixtures

  •  Methods 500 - 8000
  • CLP (Contract LAboratory Programme)
  • TPH (Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons)
  • UST (UNderground Storage Tanks)

International Standard Mixtures 

  • Canadian Regulation Standards
  • European Regulation Standards
  • ISO Standards
  • DIN Standards Learn More 

USP Methods 561: Chlorinated Pesticides, Phosphorus Pesticides, Pyrethroids Kits Learn More

  

CONTACT US

Tel:        +44 (0) 151 649 4000  

Web:     www.greyhoundchrom.com  

Email:   marketing@greyhoundchrom.com  

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Greyhound Monthly Newsletter  

CATALOGUE DOWNLOADS  

Greyhound Q-Fil catalogue  Greyhound reference standards guide  Greyhound Zpure Catalogue  Trajan GC Supplies catalogue  

Chem service standards catalogue   Chem service pesticide catalogue   High Purity Catalogue    Wellington Laboratories catalogue